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HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL LIFE IN UGANDA
Uganda being a heterogeneous country, historical paleontological and archeological, historical, traditional and cultural sites are quite a number backed with stories of origin and beliefs.
HISTORICAL PALEONTOLOGICAL AND ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES
Karamoja and Mount Elgon regions contain fossils site which have made Uganda one of the countries in the world where the cradle of mankind is traced with a specimen named metrotopithecus bishopi. another places in Uganda where fossils can be traced are along mountain Napak and Batwa in eastern Uganda in Kondo and the Kazinga channel in western Uganda and archeological sites include, Ngongezi rock shelter along river Kagera in Isingiro district, Nyero rock paintings 6km west of Kumi district in eastern Uganda (other rock paintings similar to Nyero rock paintings are in Karamoja, Paliisa, and Kaberamaido districts in eastern Uganda and lolui island in lake Victoria), Ntugi mounds and basin located 56km west of Masaka town which is believed to be the oldest site associated with Bachwezi showing male and female man made mounds and a basin locally called Bwogero, Bigobyamugenyi across Kakinga river valley where Bachwezi are existing to present date, Munga za Matebako in kabala district, Nakaima tree in Mityana, Kabiro salt village, Ntanda pits, Bweyogere capital site amongst others.
NATURAL SITES IN UGANDA
Africa's prestigious source of the Nile also called white Nile, Lake Victoria located in Jinja, Amabere ga Nyinamwiru in fort portal in Kabarole district (meaning breasts of Ndahura's mother, Nyinamwiru),Semwama rock shelter which can accommodate over 200 people, Sempaya hot springs in Bundibugyo district, Rukaronga tilting rock shelter, rock gong, and rock shelter, bugona tree along Mbarara kabala highway, Mitobere caves, Kisizi waterfalls, Sezibwa falls, Bujagali falls, Sippi falls and Mise caves. Each of these has an interesting story behind its existence fully believed by the natives of that particular area.
These sites have existed for more than 500 years and are respected and emotionally connected to the natives because of their traditional values and beliefs. These include Musibu Azala Mpanga (kasubi tombs), nagalabi coronation in site, Mparo tombs, Nkokonjeru tombs, Kalambi tombs, Mugaba palace, Bulange also known as Lukiko (Buganda's parliamentary building), Toro kingdom (Palace of Omukama Kabamba Iguru Of Toro), and Bunyoro palace amongst others.
HISTORY OF BUNYORO AND TORO KINGDOMS
After the Bachwezi were succeeded by the Babiito dynasty, was Rukidi son of Ndahura and Rukidi woman was invited to Bunyoro by the Bachwezi nobles before their disappearance, Though to many its believed that the Luo captured Bunyoro by force and integrated themselves into the local culture by claiming genetic links with them by adopting the Chwezi customs and rapidly learning the Runyoro language.
Bunyoro was the largest and most influential kingdom before the end of 17C due to its exclusive control of the salt mines. The kingdom shrunk between 1650-1830 when the princes rebelled against their old king and at this time Kabayo declared autonomous rule taking all the salt depositions. In 1852 Kamulasi seized and killed most of the rebellious princes at the famous battle of kokoitwa. Other kingdoms neighboring Bunyoro took advantage of the situation (internal conflicts) and evaded its land. Some of the kings of Bunyoro include, Omukama Chwa also known As Chwamali, omukama Duhanga, Omukama Kabalega to Omukama Solomon Iguru. Bunyoro was one of the kingdoms abolished in 1967 but restored in 1993.The natives and the current Banyoro give further explanation of their kingdom's history.
The Batooro and Banyoro have close links culturally and linguistically. Initially it was one kingdom of Bunyoro kitara but later Toro broke away and its first king was Kabayo Kasusunkwanzi and the kingdom is currently headed by King Oyo Nyimba Iguru Rukidi IV.
HISTORY OF BUGANDA
More interesting information about Uganda's kingdoms can be accessed through direct interviews with the natives and accessing the Uganda museum. We will be glad to take you through the history of Uganda's kingdoms.